The chapters explore the earliest stages of development of ToM in infancy, and how plastic ToM learning is; why 3-year-olds typically fail false belief tasks and how ToM continues to develop beyond childhood into adulthood; the debate between simulation theory and theory theory; cross-cultural perspectives on ToM and how ToM develops differently in deaf children; how we use our ToM when we make moral judgments, and the link between emotional intelligence and ToM; the neural basis of ToM measured by evoked response potentials, functional magnetic resonance imaging, and studies of brain damage; emotional vs.
These 26 chapters represent a masterly overview of a field that has deepened since the first edition was published in Simon Baron-Cohen, expert in autism and developmental psychopathology, has always wanted to isolate and understand the factors that cause people to treat others as if they were mere objects. In this book he proposes a radical shift, turning the focus away from evil and on to the central factor, empathy. Unlike the concept of evil, he argues, empathy has real explanatory power.
Putting empathy under the microscope he explores four new ideas: firstly, that we all lie somewhere on an empathy spectrum, from high to low, from six degrees to zero degrees. How this circuit functions determines where we lie on the empathy spectrum. Thirdly, that empathy is not only something we learn but that there are also genes associated with empathy. And fourthly, while a lack of empathy leads to mostly negative results, is it always negative? Full of original research, Zero Degrees of Empathy presents a new way of understanding what it is that leads individuals down negative paths, and challenges all of us to consider replacing the idea of evil with the idea of empathy-erosion.
In this new book Simon Baron-Cohen summarizes the current understanding of autism and Asperger Syndrome. He explains the process of diagnosis, as well as the options for education and intervention for those with these conditions. Taking a lifespan approach, Professor Baron-Cohen considers how the conditions affect very young children through to adulthood.
He also outlines his new Empathizing-Systemizing ES theory, which aims to explain all of the psychological features of autism spectrum condtions. This book is designed firstly for people with these conditions and their families. It will be useful to clinicians, teachers, and other professionals involved in the care and support of people on the autistic spectrum.
The book will also provide an invaluable introduction to the topic for students in the social and biological sciences.
This pioneering study looks at the effects of prenatal testosterone on postnatal development and behaviour. Hormonal effects on behaviour have long been studied in animals; the unique contribution of this book is to suggest a connection between human foetal hormones and later behaviour. It details for the first time testosterone's effect on social and language development, opening a new avenue of research for cognitive neuroscience. The authors look at samples of amniotic fluid taken during amniocentesis at 16 weeks' gestation, and relate the foetal level of testosterone which is present in foetuses of both sexes, although in different quantities to behaviour at ages 1, 2 and 4 years.
Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from Developmental Social Neuroscience
They argue that the amniotic fluid provides a window into the child's past - a chemical record of that child's time in the womb - that allows informed prediction about the child's future brain, mind, and behaviour. Filled with surprising and illuminating case studies, many from Baron-Cohen's own clinical practice, The Essential Difference moves beyond the stereotypes to elucidate over twenty years of groundbreaking research.
From gossip to aggression, Baron-Cohen dissects each brain type and even presents a new theory that autism as well as its close relative, Asperger's syndrome can be understood as an extreme form of the male brain. Smart and engaging, this is the thinking person's guide to gender difference, a book that promises to change the conversation about-and between-men and women.
Simon Baron-Cohen Penguin Books, Peter Myers's intricate and ornately patterned drawings are brought together for the first time in this volume, which is the fascinating result of the collaboration of an artist and two scientists. The beautiful, complex images included in full-page colour as well as black and white reproductions serve as a rare window into the precision and creativity of the Asperger mind at work. Peter Myers was diagnosed with Asperger Syndrome in and his work reflects his stunning ability to plan and to organize visual information, and to embed illusions within his pictures.
Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience - Oxford Scholarship
In explanatory text alongside the pictures, psychologists Simon Baron-Cohen and Sally Wheelright discuss the work's deep psychological significance, demonstrating in accessible language their ground-breaking systemizing theory of how the autistic mind processes information. We all appreciate that there are differences in the typical psychology of men and women.
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Yet underlying these subtle differences, Simon Baron-Cohen believes, there is one essential difference, and it affects everything we do: Men have a tendency to analyse and construct systems while women are inclined to empathise. With fresh evidence for these claims, Baron-Cohen explores how these sex differences arise more from biological than cultural causes and shows us how each brain type contributes in various ways to what we think of as "intelligence.
Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives from developmental social neuroscience
This text presents a model of the evolution and development of "mindreading". It argues that we mindread all the time, automatically and, for the most part, unconsciously. It is the natural way in which we interpret, predict and participate in social behaviour and communication. People ascribe mental states to other people, states such as thoughts, desires, knowledge and intentions.
Building on many years of research, the author concludes that children with autism suffer from "mindblindness" as a result of a selective impairment in mindreading. For these children the world is essentially devoid of mental things. Baron-Cohen develops a theory that draws on data from comparative, developmental and neuropsychology. He argues that specific neurocognitive mechanisms have evolved that allow us to mindread, to make sense of actions, to interpret gazes as meaningful and to decode "the language of the eyes.
Simon Baron-Cohen, L. Cosmides, J. Tooby MIT Press, To ask other readers questions about Understanding Other Minds , please sign up. Be the first to ask a question about Understanding Other Minds. Lists with This Book. This book is not yet featured on Listopia.
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